Refrigerator Not Cooling? How do you fix a fridge that won’t cool down?
The refrigerator is an essential appliance in any household. It preserves and keeps food safe. Inspect your refrigerator if it is warmer than it used to be. The appliance could be failing to keep your food cold for several reasons. Try these simple fixes before you start looking for a replacement or calling a technician.
Check the circuit breaker to see if the refrigerator is plugged into the wall, but it does not show any power. If the circuit breaker is not the problem, the outlet may be. Plug in a small appliance and see if that turns on. If your test appliance gets power, there’s a problem with the refrigerator that requires professional attention.
Check the temperature dial
When you’ve determined that the fridge is receiving power, check the thermostat. Check that it is set at the correct temperature. Recent adjustments may have been made accidentally. According to FDA guidelines, the refrigerator temperature should be at or below 40 degrees Fahrenheit (four degrees Celsius). You should lower the temperature dial if it has been raised above 40 degrees. Check the thermostat periodically to make sure it is below 40 degrees.
The gaskets on the refrigerator door help keep cool air in the appliance. The door gaskets may become brittle over time and lose their ability to create a tight seal. Insert a paper note halfway into the door, then close it. Give the bill a gentle tug. Gaskets must be replaced if the bill comes out easily. Gaskets that resist pulling out are in good condition.
The vents between the freezer and refrigerator compartments circulate the cold air. The airflow can be reduced if the vents become blocked. This will lead to problems with temperature and humidity. Check your refrigerator’s owner’s guide to find the vents’ location. After you’ve located the vent, remove any items blocking it.
How to Clean Condenser Coils
The coils under or behind your refrigerator cool and condense refrigerant. Over time, dirt or dust can build up on the coils. The heat cannot be released as efficiently when they have a thick layer. Dust can be removed with a handheld vacuum. Clean the coils at least twice yearly to keep your refrigerator running smoothly.
Vent blockage can also be caused by frost buildup. If this happens, you’ll need to defrost it. Plan to store perishable food in a fridge or cooler for the day.
It could be more severe if these fixes do not resolve the issue. Some of these issues are fixable by an experienced do-it-yourselfer. If your fridge is still covered under warranty and you attempt to replace the components, it may invalidate that warranty. Be sure to check your warranty before replacing or repairing a refrigerator.
Broken Evaporator Fan
The evaporator’s fan circulates cool air through the unit. It is only possible to leak air if the motor of the evaporator fans is repaired. The fan motor will need replacing if your evaporator does not work. A replacement fan motor can be purchased from the manufacturer, but you will require some mechanical skills to return it.
Frosty Electric Evaporator Coils
Coils will freeze over if your evaporator fan does not work correctly. Remove the back panel of the refrigerator to determine if the evaporator coils are frozen. This panel is usually located on the back of the freezer. A screwdriver can be used to open it. Remove the plug from the refrigerator and remove the panel according to the manufacturer’s instructions. Empty the fridge if the coils look frosted. Allow the coils to defrost for a couple of days.
Broken Air Inlet Damper
The air inlet damper regulates the amount of air that is passed from the freezer into the refrigerator. If the damper is broken or obstructed, it will restrict air circulation. To determine if the damper is working correctly, inspect it. A DIYer quickly replaces the damper.
Calling a Pro
If none of these fixes work, you should call a refrigerator technician. Most likely, the problem is caused by a malfunctioning thermostat or compressor. You may be entitled to a repair or a replacement if your appliance falls under warranty. Be prepared to spend money to fix or replace a refrigerator.
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